EV manufacturing in India will increase India’s dependence on China for raw materials, mineral processing, and battery production, according to a GTRI report.

According to the Global Trade Research Initiative, a life cycle impact study is necessary for the EV business (GTRI).

The survey found that China and a few other countries provide around 70% of the components required to manufacture Electric Vehicles in India. The procedures for making, getting rid of and charging the battery all emit pollutants.

“EVs will increase India’s dependence on China for raw materials, mineral processing, and battery production,” the research asserted.

China has acquired Australia’s and South America’s largest lithium mines. Of the lithium generated globally, it processes more than 60% of it. Moreover, 65% of cobalt and 93% of manganese are processed by it.

It said that more than 100 Chinese battery factories manufacture 60% of the cathodes and 80% of the anodes used in lithium-ion cells, respectively, and that China produces three out of every four batteries made worldwide.

The paper drew attention to the effects that EVs have on employment and pollution, and it listed 13 topics pertaining to the consumer, business, and governmental interests for analysis.

In addition to being pricey, these cars are unsuitable for long-distance travel, perform badly in adverse weather, increase power consumption, are unsuitable for public transportation, do not reduce pollution, upset the auto component sector, and have a limited supply of lithium.

Lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles are, at best, a developing technology. Understanding how EVs will affect jobs, pollution, imports, and economic development over the long run is vital.

A typical 500-kilogramme lithium car battery uses 12 kilogrammes of lithium, 15 kilogrammes of cobalt, 30 kilogrammes of nickel, 44 kilogrammes of copper, and 50 kilogrammes of graphite, according to information on the pollution issue, says Global Trade Research Initiative co-founder Ajay Srivastava.

The utilisation of steel, aluminium, and plastic totals around 200 kg. It was claimed that the mining, shipping, and processing of these commodities result in pollution of the air and water.

“After a lifespan of 6–7 years, the battery must be recycled. Many dangerous and challenging-to-recycle materials are present in the battery. Zero tailpipe emissions are a selling point for EVs, but mining and disposal expenses are not mentioned, according to the study.

Furthermore, it asserts that EVs will only worsen pollution because the energy required to charge the batteries is generated from coal.

Together with petroleum, coal accounts for 50% of the fossil fuels used by India to produce 60% of its power.

The 10,000 unorganised and 700 organised enterprises in India’s auto component industry, according to the report, would be disrupted by EVs. “Electric automobiles only make sense when the majority of the electricity comes from renewable energy,” it said.

It was also said that the adoption of EVs would result in the closure of hundreds of stores and garages that provided replacement components, changed the oil, and handled general vehicle maintenance.

The article claims that Europe is driving demand for electric vehicles (EVs) by establishing the Carbon Border Adjustment system, which aims to protect its polluting sectors and impede global trade.

“There is no standardisation for the electric scooter charging port.” Each business sells a certain kind of charging port. Every manufacturer must set up their own national charging infrastructure without standardised charging ports.