According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, the population of China at the end of 2022 was 1.41175 billion, up from 1.4126 billion the previous year.
Last year, China’s population declined for the first time since 1961. The historic turnaround marks the start of a long period of population decline and is expected to enable India to become the world’s most populous country in 2023.
China’s National Bureau of Statistics said it increased at the end of 2022 compared to $1.4126 billion at the end of 2022.
Last year, the birth rate was 6.77 per 1000 population, which was the lowest ever at 7.52 in 2021.
China also has had the highest death rate since 1976. There were 7.37 deaths per 1,000 population compared to 7.18 deaths in 2021. Excessive spending on education has led many Chinese to give up having more than one child in general, or even giving birth.
Demography experts say that China’s hardline COVID-19 policy lasted for three years before abruptly shutting down health facilities further exacerbated China’s bleak demographic prospects.
Local governments have encouraged childrearing, such as tax credits, extended maternity leave, and housing subsidies from 2021. Still, these measures are not expected to stop the long-term trend.